What are Miniaturised Smart Systems

In analogy with cells in the human body, working together on a microscale in order to convert energy, to produce electrical signals, to communicate with each other, or to respond to environmental influence, Miniaturised Smart Systems are structures composed of small units that constantly interact with their environment. To do this, Miniaturised Smart Systems must above all be capable of three things:

  • Feeling
  • Evaluating
  • Acting


For this purposes we classicaly distinguish three main sub-technologies within the MSS:

  • Sensor technology for signal recording
  • Integrated data processing for evaluating the signals sensed
  • Actuator technology, enabling microsystems to influence their ambient environment actively and accordingly to the situation analysed previously.


These Smart Systems are not only able to feel, evaluate and act, but can use foresight to decide and communicate with their environment. They are capable of self-diagnosis and to act autonomously, which can be comparate to cognitive abilities. The difference beetween Microsystems and Miniaturised Smart systems consists actually in the fact that Miniaturised Smart Systems are able to “think”, “comprehend” and “learn” in a rudimentary way while conventional Microsystems only function according to a pre-programmed scheme.


To the applications of Miniaturised Smart Systems in our everyday live